As a leading CRO, BOC Sciences is dedicated to providing custom conjugation services to clients at the forefront of drug conjugation. With the FDA approval of several siRNA drugs, the development of siRNAs has attracted significant attention from researchers, where the design of delivery systems for siRNAs is a key issue for further clinical applications. Therefore, antibody-siRNA conjugates (ARCs) have emerged as potential carriers for targeted siRNA drug delivery. We are able to provide antibody-siRNA conjugation services to meet your unique project needs. Our scientific team will work with you to create a scope of work to complete the project on time and within specifications.
Find out more with Drug Conjugation Services.
Small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a kind of macromolecular drugs with a molecular weight of approximately 13 kDa belonging to a family of small non-encoding ribonucleic acid (sncRNA). siRNAs, as double-stranded RNAs, suppress protein translation by recruiting RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) to mRNA via Watson-Crick base pairing. siRNAs can target and silence aimed gene expression such as oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes and other regulatory genes by specific sequence recognition with mRNA. Despite advances siRNA-based therapies, low delivery efficiency and limited bio-barriers penetrability (owing to its strong negative charge and hydrophilic property) appear to be major obstacles for targeted siRNA therapeutics.
Antibody-siRNA conjugate (ARC), an emerging siRNA drug delivery strategy, can overcome the current barriers in siRNA delivery. Inspired by the concept of ADC , ARC consists of the ligand (antibody) and the warhead (siRNA). ARCs can be produced by conjugating siRNA directly with multiple chemical groups in the antibody. Classical ARCs are prepared mainly based on the natural lysine residues in natural antibody or the cysteine residues reduced from the interchain disulfide bonds. Common conjugation methods involved in ARCs include Sulfhydryl and maleimide reaction, Amino and β-lactam ring-opening reaction, Biotin and avidin affinity reaction, etc. In addition, the antibody and siRNA also can be combined through electrostatic interactions, which has not been as widely used as chemical conjugation methods.
Fig 1. Antibody directly conjugated to siRNA (Paunovska, 2022)
Examples of antibody-siRNA conjugates:
|Sulfhydryl-maleimide||Anti-CD71 Fab fragment||ApoB, HPRT, myostatin siRNA||Muscle diseases therapy|
|THIOMAB||siGenome HPS4-3, OTP HPS4-8 siRNA||Delivery system|
|Amino + β-lactam ring||Humanized DVD-IgG||Human β-catenin (CTNNB1) siRNA||Delivery system|
|Avidin-biotin||Heavy chain variable region (VH) of 2C10||tNASP siRNA||Anti-mammal cancer|
|Polyclonal IgG-targeting antibody||Nephrin siRNA, TRPC6 siRNA||Podocytes-injured glomerular diseases treatment|
|Anti-human insulin receptor antibody||Anti-luciferase siRNA||Anti-cancer siRNA delivery system|
|Poly-lysine||RGD peptide||Anti-luciferase siRNA||Anti-tumor siRNA delivery|
Antibody-mediated siRNA delivery systems can be a promising choice. For example, siRNAs have been delivered to extrahepatic tissues using ARCs. These conjugates with low immunity can achieve pretty therapeutic effects and their simple prepare process make them closer to clinical transform.
siRNA has great application prospects in treatments of varies diseases. siRNAs can be conjugated with antibodies for treating cancer such as breast cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer, or other diseases such as HIV and leukemia.